Visual Charts Help with Presentation of New Material
Story webs and other graphic charts make difficult tasks easier.
Two Important Reasons
Use of visual charts will greatly assist you as you present new material or review concepts already presented to children in your classroom.
Using a visual chart such as the one pictured above can help children in two very important ways.
First, visual charts break major tasks into manageable parts.
Children can become overwhelmed when given new and unfamiliar assignments, especially if they are writing assignments:
- Book reports
- Research papers
These and other tasks can be simplified by utilizing charts, spider webs, timelines, Venn diagrams, and other visuals.
The chart shown above is an example of a story web. The chart could be used to teach in other subject areas. However, for our purposes we will use the information on the story web to see how a difficult writing assignment can become quite simple when the task is broken into manageable parts.
Notice that the chart displays the topic as the main part or central focus point of the visual. The topic is what the paragraph, report, or story is about.
TIP: The graphic could be utilized to focus only on the subject matter, i.e. trees, until the subject matter is sufficiently narrowed down into a suitable topic that is manageable for the child, i.e. oak trees.
The smaller circles on the above chart show the parts that would be used to relate a story.
A simplified way for young children to write a story is to focus on the separate parts individually. Also, when writing a research report, it is beneficial for older students to focus on individual parts also.
The topic has been broken into five parts. As a teacher you may reduce these parts to four, leaving out the ‘why’. You may also wish to insert more parts. Adjust the chart according to the material and children’s ability.
Children should use one sheet of paper or notecard for each part. If you are teaching very young children, focus on teaching one part per day.
Ask questions that will help children ‘brainstorm’ about their character or event. The following are just a few sample questions. Adjust the questions according to the topic.
- Who is this character, a person, an animal, an object, an event? What are they like? Describe them for me.
- Where does this person live? Where did this event or series of events take place?
- What is the character doing? What happened that is making the character happy or sad? What event or action is taking place?
- When did this happen? How old are the people involved? Did this happen in the past? Is it happening right now? What major world or local events are happening around the main character or other characters in the story that may be influencing them?
- Why did the characters act the way they did? Why did the car crash? Why did the building fall down? Why was the main character sad or happy or puzzled? Why did they have to go to town, to war, to the West?
TIP: After these parts have been completed, have the children cut and paste the parts together onto a fresh sheet of paper.
The parts may have to be adjusted as the children put their individual parts together into story form. That will come as they learn to edit their new achievement.
Expect this part of the process to yield a very rough draft. However, it will help the children begin to write their stories on fresh paper using the information they have accumulated greatly reducing their frustration.
Second, visual charts help children stay focused on the task at hand.
The graphic nature of charts draws children’s attention to the most important aspects of the writing process. It also allows children to know what parts of the process have been accomplished and what has not.
Whether using a spider web to show relationships or timelines to show a sequence of events, visuals are great assistants when it comes to presenting new material.
Copyright 2016 by Peggy Clark
What types of visuals do you use in your classroom?
How have these visuals helped you with your presentations?
Can you relate a teaching experience using visuals that may help others in their teaching endeavors? If so, please share in the comment box at bottom of page.
Peggy Clark is the author of So, What's the Latest News? Messages from a Prisoner in Rome published by WestBow Press, a division of Thomas Nelson & Zondervan. More of her writing can be found at http://sowhatsthelatestnews.info.